How to Crochet: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide of Tutorials and Patterns
The beginner's guide to crochet stitches and techniques
We are adding the pattern to your Crochet Patterns.
The pattern was added to your Crochet Patterns.
Tackling a new skill doesn't have to be a stressful task you undertake on your own. How to Crochet: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide of Tutorials and Patterns wants to make sure you have every possible resource at your disposal: videos for visual learners, step-by-step crochet instructions with photos, and a variety of techniques for learning the crochet basics.
The most exciting feature of this crochet guide, though, is that it doesn't just show you the beginning of a design and then leave you stranded; it matches each of these tutorials with the best crochet patterns for beginners so that you can learn, practice, and enjoy your work.
It features some of the most popular easy crochet patterns that newcomers want to learn, like scarves and granny squares, plus different crochet stitches that will enhance any pattern once you get started.
Table of Contents
- The History of Crochet: From Tambour through Irish Crochet
- How to Crochet for Beginners: Start Crocheting
- The Do's and Don'ts of Crochet
- How to Read Crochet Patterns
- Types of Yarn and Yarn Weight
- Crochet Yarn: Choosing the Best Yarn for your Crochet Patterns
- How Much Yarn Do I Need? (Tips for Planning Crochet Projects)
- Types of Crochet Hooks
- How to Avoid Hand and Wrist Pain from Crocheting
- How to Crochet a Slip Stitch vs Slip Knot
- Crochet Magic Circle
- 20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
- Crochet Stitch Directory
- What Is Crochet Gauge?
- How to Count Crochet Rows
- How to Keep Your Crochet Edging Straight
- Crochet Color Pooling
- Crochet Granny Squares
- How to Crochet a Sweater
- How to Block a Crochet Pattern
- How to Crochet While Traveling
- How to Teach a Child to Crochet + 10 Crochet Projects for Kids
- How to Felt Your Crochet Projects
- Caring for Crochet Items: 8 Tips You Need To Know
The History of Crochet: From Tambour through Irish Crochet
So, what is crochet? Crochet is the art of creating fabric from yarn, thread, or other material strands using a crochet hook. With your hook, you work yarn into loops forming a nice smooth chain and then you follow a pattern of any stitch you prefer, row by row.
The word "crochet" comes from French meaning "small hook,” which is a reference to the only tool you’ll need to work with besides your yarn. By using your hook and your yarn, you can work in rows or in rounds to work up a variety of items, from scarves and hats to blankets, cardigans, socks, and purses.
Find it here: The History of Crochet: From Tambour through Irish Crochet
How to Crochet for Beginners: Start Crocheting
If you're a beginner looking to start crochet, you'll find that it's very easy to get started as there is a wealth of information out there for you to peruse. To help you out, though, we've gathered some of our best and favorite tips and tricks here in this article to help you out.
Crocheting is an art that might seem awkward at first, but once you get the hang of holding on your crochet hook and working through a row of stitches, it will become second nature for you.
Find it here: How to Crochet for Beginners: Start Crocheting
The Do's and Don'ts of Crochet
When you're just learning how to crochet, you can become tense, frustrated and easily lose your temper if your stitches aren't coming out right or your tension isn't consistent.
To help make things a bit easier, we've put together a quick guide of the do's and don'ts of the crochet world. These tips and tricks should guide you through the early phases of your crochet habit. Your first tip? Don't give up!
Find it here: The Do's and Don'ts of Crochet
How to Read Crochet Patterns
Learning to crochet practically means learning another language- or at least that's what it may seem like at first. Don't worry! Reading crochet patterns is done from left to right, just like you're reading a book.
The key to understanding crochet patterns is knowing how to read the crochet language. These abbreviations are actually the stitches that the patterns use in shorthand, and once you know what they stand for, you'll be fluent in crochet patterns.
Find it here: How to Read Crochet Patterns
Types of Yarn and Yarn Weight
To start working on a crochet project, you'll need to have yarn to work up. But how do you choose when there are so many different types of yarn types and weights? Which should you pick?
Learn all about natural fibers, synthetic fibers, eco-friendly yarns, and yarn weights in this guide. We are even sharing some of our favorite free crochet patterns with each yarn weight type. It's amazing the difference knowing what best yarn to use for each project will make.
Find it here: Types of Yarn and Yarn Weight
Crochet Yarn: Choosing the Best Yarn for your Crochet Patterns
There are a lot of things to keep in mind as you start learning how to crochet, from the tools you need to the techniques you need to know. Before you can even get to choose your yarn colors and brands, you need to understand yarn weights.
You need to know what kind of crochet yarn you're working with in order to choose the right hook size for the best outcome of your project. Once you've got the right tools for your project, you can start working on crocheting the perfect scarf, hat, or whatever you plan to make.
Find it here: Crochet Yarn: Choosing the Best Yarn for your Crochet Patterns
How Much Yarn Do I Need? (Tips for Planning Crochet Projects)
When you are planning your crochet projects, there is a lot to keep in mind. You need to make sure you have enough yarn to complete your pattern as well as a lovely color palette. If you're new to crochet, these small tasks can seem daunting. Our tips for planning your crochet project and how much yarn you need will help make sure you start out extra prepared.
Find it here: How Much Yarn Do I Need?
Types of Crochet Hooks
Just as there are so many different types of yarn, there's a wide variety of crochet hooks! They come in all different sizes and different materials so it can be overwhelming to choose the best tool for the job.
In this article, we will look at weight, material (such as aluminum, resin, and wood), temperature, price, and more to help you make the best decisions for what you need.
Find it here: Types of Crochet Hooks
How to Avoid Hand and Wrist Pain from Crocheting
Nothing can put a stop to your crochet flow like hand strain, especially when it puts you out for several days, and if you're new to crochet and aren't familiar with the best way to hold a hook, this might even put you off the craft. How to Avoid Hand and Wrist Pain from Crocheting provides valuable crochet tips and techniques to prevent this fatigue not only during your work but before.
Crocheters often experience this issue when they embark on intense periods of work, without taking breaks and letting bad habits go. Learn the best ways to handle your hook and manage your pain.
Find it here: How to Avoid Hand and Wrist Pain from Crocheting
How to Crochet a Slip Stitch vs Slip Knot
In this tutorial, How to Crochet a Slip Stitch vs Slip Knot, learn how to crochet a slip knot as well as how to crochet a slip stitch. We also asked AllFreeCrochet readers to describe the difference between the two terms in their own words in order to help explain the difference.
Find it here: How to Crochet a Slip Stitch vs Slip Knot
Crochet Magic Circle
The crochet magic circle is the foundation for some of the greatest crochet patterns: granny squares, coasters, rugs, and more.
This beginner crochet tutorial will show you just how to work it, and if you continue to learn to crochet, you will undoubtedly come across a pattern requiring this technique. This collection features a video, step by step crochet instructions, and 13 gorgeous patterns to try out.
Find it here: How to Crochet the Magic Circle
20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
Some simple techniques and easy crochet stitches, such as a slip knot and single crochet stitches, will really set you on your way, and then you can start moving on to some other fun stitches.
These simple steps are what you need to follow to learn how to crochet, but once you've mastered them, everything else is just a variation on these.
Find it here: 20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
Crochet Stitch Directory
This crochet stitch guide starts off with the basic stitches and, as you explore down the page, you will find classic, unique, or complex stitches to try.
If there is a video or a written tutorial, it is mentioned and linked in the description. Start with those and then click on the gray button to explore patterns.
Find it here: Crochet Stitch Directory
What Is Crochet Gauge?
Gauge in crochet refers to the number of stitches per inch in a row while crocheting. This measurement is especially important when you are creating projects or patterns that need to be a particular size or fit. You can find more information about the gauge required for a pattern itself. Yarn skeins are often labeled with the gauge of its weight, as well.
Find it here: What Is Crochet Gauge?
How to Count Crochet Rows
Learn how to count crochet rows by following a few tips and rules. There are several different ways to count rows in crochet, so find the one that works best for you.
Count them at the end by using the consistent markings, count them as you go with a counter, or mark each row once it's complete.
Find it here: How to Count Crochet Rows
How to Keep Your Crochet Edging Straight
Straight crochet edging is no easy technique to master, even for long-time crocheters, so this would be helpful for beginners and pros alike.
If you are looking for good projects on which to test your new crochet edging skills, dishcloths and easy crochet blankets are the best places to begin.
Find it here: How to Keep Your Crochet Edging Straight
Crochet Color Pooling
Crochet color pooling is a way of working with self-striping or variegated yarn so that it produces a fun argyle effect. It takes a little bit of figuring out with each skein you try it with, and there are some rules to the type of self-striping yarn you use, but once you've got all that, the end results are pretty magical.
Read our guide to color pooling to find out how to achieve the planned argyle effect, and see some of our tips for choosing the best yarn and for working through your first attempt.
Find it here: Crochet Color Pooling
Crochet Granny Squares
Granny squares are another crochet building block, especially for easy crochet blankets.
The ins-and-outs might seem tricky, but with this selection, you can learn how to crochet a granny square right or left handed, how to join crochet squares together, and then how to use these new skills on 16 granny square patterns ranging from pillows to ponchos.
Find it here: How to Crochet Granny Squares
How to Crochet a Sweater
Crocheting a sweater might seem like a big project, but as long as you take your time with your pattern and pay attention, you’ll get one finished in no time. But, what kind of pattern should you start with? What type of sweater construction is the easiest? What type of sleeves should you make?
We asked, and AllFreeCrochet’s fabulous readers answered, giving us some tips and suggestions of their own. Check it out to see some of their best tips!
Find it here: How to Crochet a Sweater
How to Block a Crochet Pattern
For most crochet projects, once you're all done with the stitching and the counting, you still have to give it a little extra TLC to fully finish it off, and you do that with a process called blocking.
Depending on the project, and depending on the crocheter, you might not need (or want) to block any projects, but for certain intricate lacy pieces, for example, you might want to spend the extra time to set your project and stitches in place, just how you want them.
Find it here: How to Block a Crochet Pattern
How to Crochet While Traveling
Do you have some big trips planned for the holidays? If you're planning on crocheting during your travels, you know you'll want to bring your favorite hobby for long car rides or flights.
How to Crochet While Traveling will give you some great tips and tricks on bringing your crochet patterns along for the ride and having them make it through the trips safely and secure.
Find it here: How to Crochet While Traveling
How to Teach a Child to Crochet + 10 Crochet Projects for Kids
Once you've learned how to crochet, you might be itching to teach someone else how to do it so they share your joy. Your friends might be willing to learn, but how about children, or nieces and nephews?
Crochet lessons can start when children are at young ages but it depends on the individual. Learning to teach kids to crochet is rewarding and provides them with a lifelong skill that they can work on improving every year.
Find it here: How to Teach a Child to Crochet + 10 Crochet Projects for Kids
How to Felt Your Crochet Projects
Felting is a process that works with animal hair yarns, wool being the most common example. Felting is an easy process to learn, but it is very subjective.
It's up to you to decide how much you want your bag, basket, or other pieces to felt—the longer you wash or dry the piece, the more felted it will become. These crochet tips will help guide you to the perfectly crafted piece that keeps your belongings snug, secure, and stylish.
FInd it here: How to Felt Your Crochet Projects
Caring for Crochet Items: 8 Tips You Need To Know
Oh no! You’ve accidentally spilled your pumpkin spice latte down the front of your favorite crochet cowl, or maybe you’ve discovered that your favorite sweater is overrun with pills. What do you do now?
Whatever you do, don’t pitch that item. There are still a few ways to rescue it and have it back in your closet in no time. These tips on caring for crochet items will help you keep your beloved handmade creations in good shape for years to come.
Find it here: Caring for Crochet Items: 8 Tips You Need To Know
Free projects, giveaways, exclusive partner offers, and more straight to your inbox!
Your Recently Viewed Projects
Images from other crochet readers
Pattern of the Day
This Crochet Daisy Granny Square is one that you will want to keep out and about all over your house. The combination of the daisy and… Continue reading: "Crochet Daisy Granny Squarevideocam"
- The Ultimate Beginner's Guide to Crochet Tutorials and Patterns
- 20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
- Magic Circle Crochet Tutorial
- How to Crochet for Beginners
- 28 Tunisian Crochet Patterns
- 30+ Crochet Border Patterns
- 20+ Felted Crochet Patterns
- Sirtaki Relief Crochet Stitch
- Simple Shell Stitch Square
- 85+ Learn to Crochet Videos
Our Newest Patterns & Articles
- Simple Shell Neck Warmer
- Heirloom Doll Dress
- Mushroom C2C Wash Cloth or Potholder
- Katuna Headband
- Christmas Tree Advent Calendar
- Hygge Diamond Pillow
- Furry (Almost) Super Scarf
- The Chunky Cobblestone Beanie
- The Chaucer Twist Cowl
- Child Hat and Cowl Set
- 11 Crochet Baby Cocoon Patterns
- 11 Granny Square Crochet Patterns for Square Crochet Project
- 7 Free Crochet Prayer Shawls
- 8 Different Crochet Stitches: Learn To Crochet Something New With Free Crochet Patterns
- Crochet Scarf Designs: Cute Crochet Scarf Patterns for all Seasons
- DIY Home Decor: 19 Free Crochet Kitchen and Dining Patterns
- Free Crochet Tips and Tricks: Organization Ideas, How to Crochet On the Go, and more
- How to Crochet Edges & Make Crochet Borders on Patterns
- Make a Crochet Cowl: 10 Crochet Cowl Patterns
- Winter Wonderland: 17 Winter Patterns to Crochet