14 Free Crochet Hat Patterns: Crochet Beanie Hats, Crochet Cap Patterns, and More
How to Read Crochet Patterns
Learn how to read crochet instructions with this how-to guide!
We are adding the pattern to your Crochet Patterns.
The pattern was added to your Crochet Patterns.
Learning to crochet practically means learning another language- or at least that's what it may seem like at first. Don't worry! Reading crochet patterns is done from left to right, just like you're reading a book. I am here to help you understand how to read crochet patterns, no matter if you are a beginner crocheter that is just starting out or if you're more advanced and looking for a refresher.
Crochet patterns usually have a few things in common. Most of them start out with a foundation chain where other stitches are worked from later. However, there are a few patterns that start out with a chainless foundation, which creates your stitches and your chain at the same time and completes the first row. Check out these video tutorials for both: How to Crochet Basics for the Absolute Beginner and How to Crochet a Chainless Foundation.
To learn more about being a master crocheter, check out our eBook: How to Crochet, Volume 1: Free Beginner Crochet Patterns
Crochet Terms and Abbreviations
The key to understanding crochet patterns is knowing how to read the crochet language. These abbreviations are actually the stitches that the patterns uses in shorthand, because it could take pages and pages to write out all of the words in full. Most of the time, the pattern you are working with will have an indication of what stitches they are using by including their own chart of abbreviations. Below, you will find a table of common terms that are used in crochet instructions for US patterns, just in case you find yourself reading a crochet pattern that is without its own specific guide.
Reading patterns between the UK and the US is also a completely different story, so make sure you know what abbreviations you're following before you start. If you need help with those translations, go to our Crochet Symbols and Directions Chart. You will find these abbreviations as well as a diagram explaining how each stitch is used in both types of patterns. Once you understand these abbreviations, you'll be able to know how to read a crochet pattern.
Feel free to pin or print out this graphic to keep it handy and always know how to read a crochet pattern!
Common Qualities of Reading Crochet Patterns
Even though people write their instructions differently, that doesn't mean you can't break it down to the basics of how to read a crochet pattern. You can at least count on these things to be there for you:
- A materials list along with yarn type/weight and hook size needed - this will help you prepare before even getting started. Buy your yarn in the shade you want and make sure you have a crochet hook that goes along with it BEFORE you start. Learn how to choose the right crochet hook size and see a helpful crochet hook size chart, or browse patterns by hook size.
- Row-by-row (or round) and finishing instructions - this should be listed out with a row or round on each line, so it's easy to follow and note where you are in the pattern at all times.
- A range of sizes, or instructions on making your crochet project bigger or smaller
- Abbreviations (as shown above) and specific punctuation to simplify reading the crochet pattern (Learn how to understand punctuation better here)
Remember: Don't be afraid to ask for help! If a pattern is included on a crochet website or blog, you can usually leave a comment for the designer to help you out if you get stuck. For visual learners, it can also be very helpful to check out crochet videos that can take you through the process step by step along with another person. Thanks to technology, you can access video tutorials on almost any topic without leaving the comfort of your own home.
Starting Your Crochet Project
Being a good crocheter doesn't necessarily mean that you've known how to crochet for years and learned all the tips and tricks. In my opinion, a good crocheter is always aware of what they are doing and how they are doing it. For instance, a big part of the crochet process is counting your stitches as you work. If you don't do this, you are just going to make the crochet project worse for yourself and end up taking more time than expected.
It is also important to know what the gauge is and how to check it, which could mean a few things. You may work up a swatch before you start the actual project so that you have something to compare. You may also use a ruler to check that you have the right amount of stitches within an inch or four, depending on what the pattern specifies originally. If you have more stitches per inch, change to a larger hook. If you have fewer stitches per inch, change to a smaller hook. Knowing these simple things can increase your crochet ability in no time.
If you think that you are now ready to tackle the crochet world, try your hand at our beginner crochet patterns. You might also be interested in what you can crochet with your specific crochet hook sizes here.
Before you even get started crocheting, there are a number of different things you should learn including how to go about Crochet Hook Sizes: Choosing the Right Hook Size
What's your crochet skill level?
Your Recently Viewed Projects
Images from other crochet readers
Free recipes, giveaways, exclusive, partner offers, and more straight to your inbox!
Pattern of the Day
This crochet pattern will transport you back over 50 years in time! You'll go slack-jawed over the 1941 Shell Stitch Crochet Cardigan… See more
- 20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
- Magic Circle Crochet Tutorial: How to Crochet the Magic Ring
- How to Crochet Borders and Edging: 30 Crochet Tutorials
- Crochet Hook Sizes: Choosing the Right Hook Size
- How to Crochet the Crocodile Stitch: 18 Crocodile Stitch Patterns
- How to Crochet the Tunisian Crochet Stitch
- How to Read Crochet Patterns
- Reverse Single Crochet Stitch Crab Stitch
- How to Crochet Edges & Make Crochet Borders on Patterns
- Pretty Pebble Stitch
- 11 Crochet Baby Cocoon Patterns
- 11 Granny Square Crochet Patterns for Square Crochet Project
- 7 Free Crochet Prayer Shawls
- 8 Different Crochet Stitches: Learn To Crochet Something New With Free Crochet Patterns
- Crochet Scarf Designs: Cute Crochet Scarf Patterns for all Seasons
- DIY Home Decor: 19 Free Crochet Kitchen and Dining Patterns
- Free Crochet Tips and Tricks: Organization Ideas, How to Crochet On the Go, and more
- How to Crochet Edges & Make Crochet Borders on Patterns
- Make a Crochet Cowl: 10 Crochet Cowl Patterns
- Winter Wonderland: 17 Winter Patterns to Crochet