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Learning Basic Stitches in Crochet

From single crochet to the Tunisian stitch, we've got you covered on the basic crochet stitches.

Learning Basic Stitches in Crochet

There are four basic crochet stitches every crocheter needs to know how to do. We start with the slip stitch which comes in handy a lot in crochet. Then single crochet, to half double crochet, to double crochet, and then triple crochet.

Then we'll move on to some of the next basic stitches in crochet: the shell, v-stitch, and the Tunisian stitch. Depending on how you crochet and what your preferences are, some of these stitches may be easier or more difficult. If you're interested in learning in depth about these crochet stitches or following along with projects using specific stitches, we have many crochet video tutorials to help!

Single crochet is the easiest stitch to do in crochet. You can make an entire pattern using single crochet stitches, but there won't be much depth or design to it. Watch the videos that go with each of these stitches to better help you determine which stitches you want to work with the most. Learning basic crochet stitches will allow you to better search for patterns to make and figure out how difficult each would be for you to crochet.

Basic Stitches in Crochet

Slip Stitch:

  1. Abbreviation: sl st

    Yarn over, draw the yarn through the chain, loop onto the hook in one movement to make your first slip stitch.

    To make a slip stitch in a row, insert hook under the first 2 loops in the next stitch, yarn over, and pull the yarn through the stitch. Loop on the hook in one movement.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the slip stitch here:

    ​​

Single Crochet:

  1. Abbreviation: sc

    The most basic crochet stitch used. Insert your hook into the second stitch in your chain stitch. Yarn over and pull back through the chain stick. You should end up with two loops on your hook. Yarn over again and pull the yarn through both loops. This is a single crochet stitch. The hook is placed through the second stitch only for the first row and in the first in the following.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on single crochet here:

Half Double Crochet:

  1. Abbreviation: hdc

    Yarn over and stick your hook through the third chain stitch (Again, this for the first row only. Stick your hook through the first stitch for subsequent rows). Yarn over (YO) again and pull through. Now with three loops on your hook, YO again and pull through.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on half double crochet here:

Double Crochet:

  1. Abbreviation: dc

    Yarn over and stick your hook through the fourth chain stitch. YO and pull through. YO again and pull through the first two loops on your needle. YO again and pull through the last two loops. If you double crochet every stitch, it will be a very tight weave; double crochet every other stitch for a looser weave.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on double crochet here:

Triple Crochet:

  1. Abbreviation: tc

    Also known as TREBLE crochet. For this stitch, yarn over twice and then stick your hook into the fifth stitch. YO and pull through. YO again and draw it through the first two loops on the hook. Repeat this process two more times until all the loops are off the chain! Again, use tc every other stitch for a looser stitch.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on triple crochet here:

Shell Stitch:

  1. Abbreviation: n/a, usually spelled out as "shell"

    This stitch uses double crochets to create a "fan" appearance. Start with a chain. Double crochet in third stitch from hook. Make four more double crochets in the same stitch. Skip three stitches, then make five double crochets in the next stitch. Again, skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch. Do this until the end of the row.

    At the end, turn, slip stitch in the first three stitches, then chain two. Make four double crochets in the same stitch. Skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch until the end of the row. At the end, once again, turn, slip stitch in the first three stitches, chain two, then make four double crochets in the same stitch. Then skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the shell stitch here:

V-Stitch:

  1. Abbreviation: v st

    Yarn over, insert hook in stitch, yarn over, pull through the stitch, yarn over, pull through two loops twice, yarn over, pull through the loop, yarn over, insert the hook into the same stitch, then yarn over, pull through stitch, then yarn over, pull through two loops twice.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the v-stitch here:

Tunisian Stitch:

  1. Abbreviation: n/a, usually spelled out as "Tunisian"

    This stitch is also known as the AFGHAN stitch. Start a chain with as many stitches are needed. For the forward pass, go into the second chain from the hook. Yarn over and pull up a loop. Leaving the newly pulled up loop on your hook, go into the next chain and repeat. Work your way down your chain, picking up stitches and leaving them on your hook.

    For the backward pass,  yarn over, pull through one loop. Yarn over, pull through two loops and then repeat: yarn over, pull through two loops.  After the backward pass, pick up the stitches again. To do this, go through the long bar from the stitch below. Work down the row and be sure to pick up the very last bar to keep your ends neat.

    Work the backward pass again, as before. ​Repeat the forward and backward passes as many times as the pattern calls for.

    Work a modified slip stitch: Go down the row as with a forward pass, picking up stitches, but instead of leaving each picked up loop on the hook, pull each hook through both loops, leaving one loop on your hook before you go through the next long bar.

  2. Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the Tunisian stitch here:

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What a nice basic stitch guide for beginners. It is great that you provide a video tutorial as well, for each one, as we all learn best using different techniques. Now, the Tunisian stitch I would say... is not a basic stitch. It is a special stitch that is used in usually intermediate and more advanced projects. Heck, I do not even know how to do this stitch! I should learn- this is a great place for me start.

I know how to work a slip stitch with yarn already connected to my project but I need a video to show how you work a slip stitch when adding a new yarn to an existing project. I get confused on whether I should just pull the yarn through or pull it through and chain one.

I love video tutorials for stitches. I learn so much!

I'm a total newb. Would you mind, please, uploading the 1st part of the intro video? I see someone else asked for it over a year ago. (Ooops) Thanks!

To watch video for very beginning crocheting found the # 2 video but, not #1 Please where is it

What is a cluster

On on of the patterns it says: sk the next 2 sts does that mean to skip the 2 stiches?

Looking to find out if there is a standard sequence of stitches that comprise the cluster stitch. Please help. Thanks. Lynne

very good !!!

Awesome!!!

i would like to know how to drop 1sc behine each dc so I can make a navajo afghan

in the Navajo pattern you do a dc putting the hook into the row below, front loop, so the row you are on is even. the beauty of this is, if you miss count you can use the 'dropped sc' to make the number correct.

Question? One of the tutorials I have seen,such as a triple crochet when first starting out you go into the 4th chain and another one show you starting out with the second chain..which is correct or better or does it not matter?

Hi, BetseyVt 6698625. Is your question regarding a pattern you saw on our site? If so, we recommend contacting the pattern designer directly. If your question is more general, we suggest posting it on our Facebook page to see if your fellow crocheters might be of assistance! www.facebook.com/allfreecrochet Best of luck! --Editors of AllFreeCrochet

Wonderful. Thank you so much for sharing

@gypsysue2u 8580426: bpdc refers to a back post double crochet. Hope this helps! -- Editors of AllFreeCrochet

What does bpdc mean in a crochet pattern for a hat?

what does this mean (multiple of 13 sts + 4 (1 row repeat) ?

What is a space (sp)?

Member 0251332, Many patterns indicate to end the row using a slip stitch into the beginning stitch of that row. Then it will tell you to work perhaps a chain two or chain three, dependent on whether the next row is using double or treble crochet stitches in the next round. When you work that next round, again generally the pattern will indicate ending with a slip stitch into the top of first chain two or chain three of the same round etc. etc. Although some patterns simply say "attach" or "end" without stating to do the slip stitch. Some patterns do not actually terminate at end of row but indicate to work a pattern of stitches, such as "work three double crochet in beginning loop of previous row." Which can be very confusing dependent upon the pattern style. I would suggest to slowly read the pattern through for the first few rounds to see what is required with focus on the wording for beginning and ending each round. The most common ending in the patterns I have worked are by slip stitch. Then a chain of 2 or 3 to start the next row dependent on the stitch pattern for the row. I hope that helps!

When you finish a row, making a round or square doily, I get confuse to go to next row. What I do to start the next one?

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