14 Free Crochet Hat Patterns: Crochet Beanie Hats, Crochet Cap Patterns, and More
How to Filet Crochet Tutorial + 6 Filet Crochet Patterns
We are adding the pattern to your Crochet Patterns.
The pattern was added to your Crochet Patterns.
Learn what filet crochet is and how to read filet crochet charts.
Filet crochet is a unique crochet design that requires chain stitches and double crochet stitches only. These two stitches can be used to form blocks of stitches to make designs in the form of words to images. The finished project resembles a lacy grid of stitches that depict your image, so if you can sketch it out on graph paper, you can filet crochet it.
However, this technique looks intimidating to a lot of people because the filet technique is unknown to them. I'm here to help you out with this by showing you how to read these crochet patterns so that you can make that project you've been putting off for years.
The filet technique most commonly uses cotton thread and a small steel hook. The double crochet and chain stitches arrange in a grid that is made up of blocks (for the design) and spaces (for the background), which is almost always laid out in a diagram for you. Combining the blocks and spaces is how your pattern makes a design, such as doilies with names crocheted into them, or shawls with a butterfly pattern.
Keep reading for a video tutorial on filet crochet, plus more examples of charts and patterns you can make!
How to Read Filet Crochet Charts
Block: This is where you make your double crochets. It is made up of either three, four, or five dc stitches, and is represented by the black boxes in the diagram below.
Space: This is where your chain stitches are. It is made by either one, two, or three chains and a double crochet.
(When working a block above a space, the stitches are worked into the chain space rather than into the chain stitches.)
Check out the video tutorial below from Kristi Simpson to get a breakdown of how to filet crochet!
Learn how to crochet the simple yet colorful Block Stitch in minutes with this easy video tutorial! The stitch is perfect even for crochet newbies: How To: Crochet The Block Stitch
How to Start Filet Crochet
To start your foundation chain: Count the number of squares across the bottom row of the diagram to start. Take that number times three, plus one. For example, take the diagram below. Each darkened square (or block) is three dc. Each white square (or space) is a ch 2 and a dc.
Pay attention to the first square: If your first square is a white square (or space), then you add 5 chain stitches to your starting chain to count as a ch 3 plus a ch 2 mesh. If this space were a block (or black), then you would only add 3 chain stitches to your starting chain to count as the first dc of the block.
For this particular pattern, you would calculate your foundation chain like this:
(6 x 3) + 1 = 19
19 + 5 = 24 sts for starting chain.
Since our first square is a white square, we are adding 5 to our starting chain.
Start in the lower right corner where there is a space if you're right handed. Lefties start in the lower lefthand corner.
Once you know your basic single, half-double, and double crochet stitches you are ready to conquer the X stitch. Learn How to Crochet the X Stitch
Filet Crochet Stitches Diagram
If you read patterns in a visual way, here is a stitch diagram to represent the diagram above. Here, every stitch is represented individually to help you work your way across each row.
This How to Crochet the V-Stitch video tutorial will take you step-by-step through the super simple process: How to Crochet the V Stitch
Tips for Filet Crochet and How to Use It
Before you start your first filet crochet project, here are a few things to keep in mind.
1. Work your stitches tightly. If they are too loose, your design will flop around and look a little sloppier than you might want it. You might want to use a smaller hook than your yarn calls for to ensure close stitching.
2. Some stitch keys will call a space a "mesh" and a block a "solid mesh." Other diagrams may also use X's in the place of darkened blocks.
3. Use graph paper to map out your own designs if you're feeling super creative.
4. To finish, block your project by following the care instructions of your yarn.
Filet Crochet Patterns
Have you tried filet crochet?
Your Recently Viewed Projects
Images from other crochet readers
Free recipes, giveaways, exclusive, partner offers, and more straight to your inbox!
- Magic Circle Crochet Tutorial: How to Crochet the Magic Ring
- 20+ Basic Crochet Stitches
- How to Crochet Borders and Edging: 30 Crochet Tutorials
- Crochet Hook Sizes: Choosing the Right Hook Size
- Tunisian Crochet How To + 38 Tunisian Crochet Patterns
- How to Crochet the Crocodile Stitch: 18 Crocodile Stitch Patterns
- How to Crochet a Crossed Double Border
- How to Crochet: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide of Tutorials and Patterns
- Polka Dot Crochet Edging
- How to Read Crochet Patterns
Our Newest Patterns & Articles
- How to Crochet Popcorn Stitch + 17 Popcorn Stitch Patterns
- Crochet Decrease Tutorial
- Crochet Increase Tutorial
- How to Crochet the Moss Stitch
- Elizabeth Stitch Boot Cuff Crochet Pattern
- Peek-A-Boo Scarf
- Chunky Peek-A-Boo Beanie
- Gift Card Cup Cozy
- Bobble Beanie Crochet Pattern
- Snowden Beanie
- 11 Crochet Baby Cocoon Patterns
- 11 Granny Square Crochet Patterns for Square Crochet Project
- 7 Free Crochet Prayer Shawls
- 8 Different Crochet Stitches: Learn To Crochet Something New With Free Crochet Patterns
- Crochet Scarf Designs: Cute Crochet Scarf Patterns for all Seasons
- DIY Home Decor: 19 Free Crochet Kitchen and Dining Patterns
- Free Crochet Tips and Tricks: Organization Ideas, How to Crochet On the Go, and more
- How to Crochet Edges & Make Crochet Borders on Patterns
- Make a Crochet Cowl: 10 Crochet Cowl Patterns
- Winter Wonderland: 17 Winter Patterns to Crochet