Search Term

Enter a search term (optional)


Select One (optional)

Difficulty Level

Select One (optional)

Yarn Weight

Select One (optional)

Crochet Hook

Select as many as you like (optional)

  • B/1 or 2.25 mm hook
  • C/2 or 2.75 mm hook
  • D/3 or 3.25 mm hook
  • E/4 or 3.5 mm hook
  • F/5 or 3.75 mm hook
  • G/6 or 4 mm hook
  • H/8 or 5 mm hook
  • I/9 or 5.5 mm hook
  • J/10 or 6 mm hook
  • K/10.5 or 6.5 mm hook
  • L/11 or 8 mm hook
  • M/13 or 9 mm hook
  • N/15 or 10 mm hook
  • P/16 or 11.5 mm hook
  • 4.5 mm hook
  • 00 or 3.5 mm hook (steel)
  • 0 or 3.25 mm hook (steel)
  • 1 or 2.75 mm hook (steel)
  • 2 or 2.25 mm hook (steel)
  • 3 or 2.1 mm hook (steel)
  • 4 or 2 mm hook (steel)
  • 5 or 1.9 mm hook (steel)
  • 6 or 1.8 mm hook (steel)
  • 7 or 1.65 mm hook (steel)
  • 8 or 1.5 mm hook (steel)
  • 9 or 1.4 mm hook (steel)
  • 10 or 1.3 mm hook (steel)
  • 11 or 1.1 mm hook (steel)
  • 12 or 1 mm hook (steel)
  • 13 or .85 mm hook (steel)
  • 14 or .75 mm hook (steel)
  • Q or 16mm hook


Free Offer
14 Free Crochet Hat Patterns: Crochet Beanie Hats, Crochet Cap Patterns, and More

You'll find a great variety of free crochet hat patterns in this FREE eBook. Wear them all year round!

Bonus: Get our newsletter & special offers for free. We will not share or sell your email address. View our Privacy Policy

Filet Crochet Tutorial

Learn what filet crochet is and how to read filet crochet charts.

By: Kara Huen, Editor for
How to Filet Crochet Tutorial

What is filet crochet?
Filet crochet is a unique crochet design that requires chain stitches and double crochet stitches only. These two stitches can be used to form blocks of stitches to make designs in the form of words to images. The finished project resembles a lacy grid of stitches that depict your image, so if you can sketch it out on graph paper, you can filet crochet it.

However, this technique looks intimidating to a lot of people because the filet technique is unknown to them. I'm here to help you out with this by showing you how to read these crochet patterns so that you can make that project you've been putting off for years. 

The filet technique most commonly uses cotton crochet thread and a small steel hook. The double crochet and chain stitches arrange in a grid that is made up of blocks (for the design) and spaces (for the background), which is almost always laid out in a diagram for you. Combining the blocks and spaces is how your pattern makes a design, such as doilies with names crocheted into them, or shawls with a butterfly pattern. These finished crochet lace patterns make perfect baby shower gifts!

Keep reading for a video tutorial on filet crochet, plus more examples of charts and patterns you can make!

How to Read Filet Crochet Charts

Block: This is where you make your double crochets. It is made up of either three, four, or five dc stitches, and is represented by the black boxes in the diagram below.

Space: This is where your chain stitches are. It is made by either one, two, or three chains and a double crochet. 
(When working a block above a space, the stitches are worked into the chain space rather than into the chain stitches.)

Check out the video tutorial below from Kristi Simpson to get a breakdown of how to filet crochet!

How to Filet Crochet

To start your foundation chain: Count the number of squares across the bottom row of the diagram to start. Take that number times three, plus one. For example, take the diagram below. Each darkened square (or block) is three dc. Each white square (or space) is a ch 2 and a dc.

Pay attention to the first square: If your first square is a white square (or space), then you add 5 chain stitches to your starting chain to count as a ch 3 plus a ch 2 mesh. If this space were a block (or black), then you would only add 3 chain stitches to your starting chain to count as the first dc of the block.

For this particular pattern, you would calculate your foundation chain like this: 
(6 x 3) + 1 = 19
19 + 5 = 24 sts for starting chain.

Since our first square is a white square, we are adding 5 to our starting chain. 

Start in the lower right corner where there is a space if you're right handed. Lefties start in the lower lefthand corner. 

How to Start Filet Crochet

Filet Crochet Stitches Diagram

If you read patterns in a visual way, here is a stitch diagram to represent the diagram above. Here, every stitch is represented individually to help you work your way across each row. 

Filet Crochet Stitches Diagram

Filet Crochet Tips

Before you start your first filet crochet project, here are a few things to keep in mind.

1.  Work your stitches tightly. If they are too loose, your design will flop around and look a little sloppier than you might want it. You might want to use a smaller hook than your yarn calls for to ensure close stitching.
2.  Some stitch keys will call a space a "mesh" and a block a "solid mesh." Other diagrams may also use X's in the place of darkened blocks.
3.  Use graph paper to map out your own designs if you're feeling super creative.
4.  To finish, block your project by following the care instructions of your yarn.
5.  Though you can use any yarn, crochet thread creates a crochet lace design, making it perfect for delicate and display-only designs and doilies while thicker yarn would be better for more durable items. 


Filet Crochet Patterns

Now that you've gotten the basics of this crochet technique, try these amazing patterns out:

1. Filet Crochet Butterfly
2. Lace Summer Top with Filet
3. ​Symmetrical Filet Crochet Prayer Cloth
4. Safran Filet Top
5. ​White Filet Lacy Top with Contrasting Bands
6. ​Happy Jack O' Lantern Table Runner

Filet Crochet Projects

Have you tried filet crochet?

Free projects, giveaways, exclusive partner offers, and more straight to your inbox!
You Might Like
Learn more about RevenueStripe...

Your Recently Viewed Projects

Include a Photo Include a Photo

Click the button above or drag and drop images onto the button. You can upload two images.

Cancel Reply to Comment

Thanks for your comment. Don't forget to share!

I often upscale filet doily patterns. Worsted weight yarn seems to finish shorter than thread so the pattern comes out squatty if I don't adjust the stitches. If I continue with a 31 block I do triple crochet instead of double otherwise I switch to a 21 block. A 21 block is 2 dc 1 dc or 1dc, ch1 1 dc.

That's 3 plus 1 and 2 plus 1 not 31 and 21 I don't know what happened to the plus sign.

Filet Crochet Stitches Diagram has an error in it, it needs an extra column of dc after the 12th column

Beautiful designs and lovely tips! Thank you.

I cant say enough nice things about this article. Filet Crochet is something that every new crocheter eventually wants to try, and I know I certainly wasnt an exception. The Block and Chain stitches arent difficult, but it is tricky learning to read the charts. Almost without exception, most Filet patterns are shown as charts rather than written directions. The video explains charts so well, I may bookmark this page just for that.


Report Inappropriate Comment

Are you sure you would like to report this comment? It will be flagged for our moderators to take action.

Thank you for taking the time to improve the content on our site.

Pattern of the Day

Beginner Baby Blanketvideocam

Choose your favorite combination of worsted weight yarn and work up this Beginner Baby Blanket today. If you've never made a baby… See more

Something worth saving?

Register now for FREE to:

  • SAVE all your favorite patterns
  • ADD personal notes
  • QUICKLY reference your patterns


Connect With Us

Facebook Instagram Twitter Pinterest Twitter
Blog Email RSS

About Us Advertise Contact Us FAQ Keyword Index Privacy Policy Share Your Project Subscribe Unsubscribe Terms of Service

---- 1 ----


Images from other crochet readers

There are currently no images from other crochet readers.