14 Free Crochet Hat Patterns: Crochet Beanie Hats, Crochet Cap Patterns, and More
How to Read Crochet Patterns
By: Kara Huen, Editor, allfreecrochet.com
We are adding the pattern to your Crochet Patterns.
The pattern was added to your Crochet Patterns.
Learning to crochet practically means learning another language- or at least that's what it may seem like at first. Don't worry! Reading crochet patterns is done from left to right, just like you're reading a book. I am here to help you understand how to read crochet patterns, no matter if you are a beginner crocheter that is just starting out or if you're more advanced and looking for a refresher.
Crochet patterns usually have a few things in common. Most of them start out with a foundation chain where other stitches are worked from later. However, there are a few patterns that start out with a chainless foundation, which creates your stitches and your chain at the same time and completes the first row. Check out these video tutorials for both: How to Crochet Basics for the Absolute Beginner and How to Crochet a Chainless Foundation.
How to Read Crochet Patterns (how2 rdc pats)
Crochet Terms and Abbreviations
Common Qualities of Reading Crochet Patterns
Video on How to Read Crochet Patterns
Starting Your Crochet Project
The key to understanding crochet patterns is knowing how to read what can seem like an overly complicated computer code. These abbreviations are actually the stitches that the patterns uses in shorthand, because it could take pages and pages to write out all of the words in full. Most of the time, the pattern you are working with will have an indication of what stitches they are using by including their own chart of abbreviations. Below, you will find a table of common terms that are used in crochet instructions, just in case you find yourself reading a crochet pattern that is without its own specific guide.
|BPdc||back post double crochet|
|dtr||double treble crochet|
|edc||extrended double crochet|
|ehdc||extended half double crochet|
|esc||extended single crochet|
|fdc||chainless foundation double crochet|
|fhdc||chainless foundation half double crochet|
|FPdc||front post double crochet|
|fsc||chainless foundation single crochet|
|hdc||half double crochet|
|rep, *, [ ]||repeat(s)|
|sl st||slip stitch|
|tks||Tunisian knit stitch|
|tps||Tunisian purl stitch|
|tr tr||triple treble crochet|
|tss||Tunisian simple stitch|
Reading patterns between the UK and the US is also a completely different story. If you need help with those translations, go to our Crochet Symbols and Directions Chart. You will find these abbreviations as well as a diagram explaining how each stitch is used in both types of patterns.
Even though people write their instructions differently, that doesn't mean you can't break it down to the basics of how to read a crochet pattern. You can at least count on these things to be there for you:
- A materials list and, along with yarn type/weight and hook size needed - this will help you prepare before even getting started. Buy your yarn in the shade you want and make sure you have a crochet hook that goes along with it BEFORE you start. Learn how to choose the right crochet hook size and see a helpful crochet hook size chart, or browse patterns by hook size.
- Row-by-row (or round) and finishing instructions - this should be listed out with a row or round on each line, so it's easy to follow and note where you are in the pattern at all times.
- A range of sizes, or instructions on making your crochet project bigger or smaller
- Abbreviations (as shown above) and specific punctuation to simplify reading the crochet pattern (Learn how to understand punctuation better here)
Remember: Don't be afraid to ask for help! If a pattern is included on a crochet website or blog, you can usually leave a comment for the designer to help you out if you get stuck. For visual learners, it can also be very helpful to check out crochet videos that can take you through the process step by step along with another person. Thanks to technology, you can access video tutorials on almost any topic without leaving the comfort of your own home.
For even more helpful instructions on becoming a master crocheter, check out our free crochet eBook: How to Crochet, Volume 1: Free Beginner Crochet Patterns!
Being a good crocheter doesn't necessarily mean that you've known how to crochet for years and learned all the tips and tricks. In my opinion, a good crocheter is always aware of what they are doing and how they are doing it. For instance, a big part of the crochet process is counting your stitches as you work. If you don't do this, you are just going to make the crochet project worse for yourself and end up taking more time than expected.
It is also important to know what the gauge is and how to check it, which could mean a few things. You may work up a swatch before you start the actual project so that you have something to compare. You may also use a ruler to check that you have the right amount of stitches within an inch or four, depending on what the pattern specifies originally. If you have more stitches per inch, change to a larger hook. If you have fewer stitches per inch, change to a smaller hook. Knowing these simple things can increase your crochet ability in no time.
If you think that you are now ready to tackle the crochet world, try your hand at our beginner crochet patterns. You might also be interested in what you can crochet with your specific crochet hook sizes here.
If you feel like you just don't know where to start, download our free eBook, 8 Different Crochet Stitches: Learn to Crochet Something New with Free Crochet Patterns, to help you decide!
If you thought this article was helpful, check out some of our other "how-tos"!
How to Cross Double Crochet Stitches: When you've mastered the single crochet stitch and want to learn some different crochet stitches, give the double crochet stitch a shot. This is an easy stitch to master and will add some fun visual interest to your crochet patterns.
How to Crochet Borders and Edging: When you're all done with your crochet project, finish it off with a cute border or an interesting edging with this easy crochet tutorial.
How to Color Change without Knots: When you're feeling up to a more complicated pattern that involves multiple colors, this crochet tutorial will help you out! Learn how to change colors without having to add knots to your work by tying on new colors.
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