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31 Basic Crochet Stitches


Updated February 08, 2017
(49 Votes)


There's always something new to learn in crochet! If you've been wondering how to do a certain stitch, then you've come to the right place. You'll be able to expand your skills and learn a new crochet stitch with our collection of 31 Basic Crochet Stitches. These tutorials by Emilda Harrington will teach you everything you need to know about crochet. Each crochet stitch tutorial has helpful photos and step-by-step instructions to ensure you don't miss a stitch. Each one of these crochet stitch tutorials can also be found in our amazing eBook, Your Guide to Free Crochet Patterns. Once you've mastered any one of these new crochet stitch tutorials, find a new crochet pattern to make and put your skills to the test!

Learn to Crochet

If you've been bitten by the craft bug and want to learn how to crochet, there are a few simple techniques and tricks you need to learn, such as a slip knot and single crochet stitches, for starters. Once you've gotten the hang of these most basic of basic crochet stitches, you can start moving on to some other fun stitches. These simple steps are what you need to follow to learn how to crochet, but once you've mastered them, everything else is just a variation on these. Listed below is a quick and easy step-by-step tutorial for all of the basic crochet techniques and crochet stitches. Follow the steps below and learn how to work a slip knot to get your work started, then move on to our foundation chain tutorial. Then, depending on your pattern, you can follow our guide to crocheting a single crochet, a double crochet stitch or even a treble (or triple) crochet stitch. Plus, we have a video tutorial for the single, double and treble crochet stitches that you can follow along if our written step-by-step guide isn't helpful. 

How to Crochet a Slip Knot
1.  Hold the yarn in a U-shape, leaving 6-8" of yarn (your "tail") hanging from the end.
2.  Twist your fingers to create a loop, making the yarn strands cross each other.
3.  Insert your fingers into the loop and grab the yarn that leads back to your ball of yarn (not your tail), creating another little loop
4.  Pull the tail the tighten the knot - you should now have a cinched knot with a loop coming out of one end, and two strands of yarn (one of which is your tail) coming out from the other.
5.  Slip the loop onto your crochet hook and pull both ends of the yarn to make the loop tighter.

How to Work a Foundation Chain 
1.  Make a slip knot and place it on your hook. Hold your hook in your right hand.
2.  Using your hook, pull yarn (from the skein of yarn, not your tail) through your slip knot loop. You've just made one chain stitch.
3.  Repeat step 2 to make as many chains as your pattern calls for.

How to Single Crochet + Video Tutorial
1.  Insert your hook into center of your next working chain. Grab yarn (known as a yarn over) and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have two loops on your hook.
2.  Using your hook, grab yarn and draw it through both loops on your hook, leaving just one loop on your hook. You've made one single crochet stitch.
3.  Repeat steps 1 and 2 as many times as your pattern calls for.

How to Double Crochet + Video Tutorial
1.  Yarn over, then insert your crochet hook into the center of your next working chain. Yarn over and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have three loops on your hook.
2.  Yarn over and pull through two of the loops on your hook, leaving two loops on your hook.
3.  Yarn over again and pull through both loops on your hook, leaving just one loop. You've just made one double crochet stitch. 
4.  Repeat steps 1-3 as many times as your pattern calls for. 

How to Triple/Treble Crochet + Video Tutorial
1.  Yarn over twice and then insert your hook into the center of your next working chain. Yarn over and draw up a loop so that you have four loops on your hook. 
2.  Yarn over and pull through two of the loops on your hook, leaving three loops on your crochet hook.
3.  Yarn over again and pull the yarn through two loops, leaving two loops on your hook.
4.  Yarn over for the last time and pull the yarn through both loops on your hook so that you only have one loop. You've just made one triple/treble crochet stitch.
5. Repeat steps 1-4 as many times as your pattern calls for. 

How to Crochet the Tunisian Stitch Video Tutorial

Basic Crochet Stitches

Learn the Chinese Puzzle Stitch

Our free eBook, 8 Different Crochet Stitches: Learn to Crochet Something New with Free Crochet Patterns, is a great resource for the beginner crocheter that's looking to expand their skills. Inside, you'll find a handful of crochet stitch tutorials to learn. Once you've mastered the basic single and double crochet stitches, the fun has only just begun! There are so many wonderful and interesting crochet stitches that will enable you to make the coolest patterns. Learning a new stitch in crochet is always such a fun experience. Crafting and crochet are both constant on-going processes; there's always something new to learn! Pick up your hook and get to work on any one of these crochet stitches today. If you're unsure of what hook size to use or if you're wondering what you can make with a certain hook size then you might be interested in browsing patterns by hooks size.

Bonus! Crochet Edgings!

How to Crochet Borders and Edgings

After using all of the above crochet stitches in your work, finish off your pattern with some fun and gorgeous crochet edgings! These crochet edgings range from simple and standard to lacier and more complex, and all are a great way to add that final finishing touch to your work. 

What's your favorite crochet stitch?

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A great resource for those new to crochet and those wanting to learn new stitches. The videos are really helpful as sometimes it only becomes clear once you see the stitch being made rather than just reading how to do it. I have learnt a number of new stitches from these tutorials and this has helped me to create different blankets and add new edgings.

I am so happy to see videos and written instructions on learning to crochet. This is the best site to learn and get patterns. I had a little knowledge, but this will help me greatly to learn more. I think my grandmother would have wished this was around in her day.

It feels like i forgot how to crotchet all-together when i go through your tutorials. i definitely need to brush up on my stitches and learn some new ones while am at it. You make it so easy to learn. Thank you so much. I see why everyone gives you five stars. Keep them coming!

Hi Chris, you are the first person to make sense to me when doing a tutorial. I'd really like to follow you, learn more. If you have a youtube channel or a link please get it to me. I did this stitch and it actually looked like it!!! Thank you!

Love the patterns!

This is amazing. Thank you so much for sharing. I know quite a few stitches, but if you don't use them, you loose the knowledge. This is easy and I don't have to go through 25 different you tube videos before I find one that actually explains the stitch. All right here. Thank you!

I learned do do the afghan stitch years ago and forgot about it. Now I'm back on track with it. I'm making an afghan for my grandson with his favorite video game figure on it. I love your videos. they are so easy to follow.

This collection is such an awesome resource for beginning crocheters like myself! I especially appreciate the clear written instructions in the first section. Since I already know how to single crochet, the double and triple crochet stitches seem really easy!

This collection is so helpful to me since I'm a beginner!

Wow oh wow, You've heard that old saying you can't teach a old dog new tricks, wrong! Well this old dog has just learned a lot of new tricks. So many new stitches out there I would of never thought of. This is a must save and blow up my printer with. I can see getting a 3 ring binder and putting all of this information in to, to keep on hand for the time I read a pattern with the stitches I don't know. Then I wont have to do a google search to figure it out. Thank you so much for these free guides for new crochet stitches and free crochet patterns..

Please tell me how to go back when our half way through a c2c I can't get it to turn around.. I have spent so much time on it.. anyone?

Hi there, I'm sorry you're having difficulties. Have you tried asking our friendly Facebook community for their insights? Simply go to and post your question there. I hope that helps! Julia, editor for AllFreeCrochet

This is one of the best books I have ever found showing basic stitches and to think it's also free. I have been crocheting a very long time but I still find stitches that I have not tried or ones that I could use a refresher course on. Thank you for offering it and for making it free.

Recently I was making a hat pattern that called to "sl st previous row school"....I've never heard of this. Any help?

How do I get to this tutorial?

I love the patterns and all the new to me stitches!

Does this tutorial have instructions for LEFT-HANDERS?

As someone who's new to crochet, this page is so helpful! I find myself coming back to it again and again!

very clear instructions

need toknow how to do a bubble stitch

How do I do a HDC aka...half double crochet ???? wouldnt this be the same as a single crochet ?........also...the pattern I am working on calls for a half double crochet decrease would I do that stitch , also ? Thanks in advance for all your help.

How do you break yarn and seamless join?

how do you do the hdc2tog and the sc2tog stitches

This is the half double crochet, and unfortunately we do not have the hdc2tog, but hopefully this will help a bit == chet-a-Half-Double-Crochet-Stitch

need to know some basic stitches for afghans

How do you make a dcfp stich?? Barb

This stitch is a bit tricky and unfortunately we do not have a tutorial on the site, but if you Google it something should easily come up. Thanks - AllFreeCrochet Editors

We've also included a video above that might help.

I have just viewed two separate instructions on crocheting in the foundation chain -- one shows the needle going under one loop and the second one through two. I have always used the "one loop" method (self taught), but my needlework How To book shows going under two loops, which I find very difficult to do. Which is correct -- or better?

Both methods can be correct. Which one is used will depend on the look that you want your pattern to have. Going through 1 loop will leave a ridge, while going through 2 loops will make the pattern smoother.

im working on a booty pattern and can not figure this part out (you ch1 skip first st.and next still will be 2sc together)??

Does anyone know what "2trcl" means? Thanks.

2 treble clusters ??

What is the Abbreviation hdc mean?

hdc means half double crochet

Could you have this same 13 stitches for left-handers please? Thanks

I'm lefthanded and never have any problem following. You just follow the directions, and don't look at the pictures.

I am trying to make boot cuffs for my daughter and ne thing I always have trouble with is connecting the chain into a circle with a slip stitch and NOT getting the chain twisted. Does anyone have any suggestions?

You could try pinning part of the cuff down until you get to the sl st to see if that helps keep it from twisting. Or, instead of crocheting in the round, you could crochet the boot cuff flat and do a seam to put the two ends together. I hope that helps!

How do you make a backward single crochet for finishing edges?

check out this youtube video i found for you, she shows you how to do the stitch

it's so sad i'm still so lost and have no idea what i'm doing all i know is to make a chain and then how to make a simple slip stitch and rechain back and forth. this does not help a complete beginner someone please tell me a site that will help me.

Try this; Hope this helps you :)

there are many great video tutorials on just search for the stitches like "crochet single crochet"

Hi, I am doing a crochet shawl by Bernat from the 16 free crochet shawl e book. I am just a beginner and I am stuck on the 2nd row which as follows : 2nd row: Ch 4. Miss first ch-1 sp. 1 dc in next dc. (Ch 1. Miss next ch-1 sp. 1 dc in next dc) twice. *(Yoh and draw up a loop. Yoh and draw through 2 loops on hook) 3 times in next ch-1 sp. Yoh and draw through all 4 loops on hook cluster made. 1 dc in next dc. (Ch 1. Miss next ch-1 sp. 1 dc in next dc) 3 times. Rep from * to end of row Can someone please guide me how I do this please? Thanks much for your help. Regards julie

ch 4, miss next chain space, 1 double crochet in next double crochet, ch 1, miss next chain 1 space, 1 dc in next dc, ch 1, miss next chain 1 space, 1 dc in next dc, - yarn over hook like your double crochet, draw loop up from next st like as if you are still making a double crochet, yo and draw through two loops on hook, again like doing your double crochet. but stop there! ..... start a "new" dc type stitch by yarn over , draw up loop, yarn over, draw through two loops, there should now be 3 loops on your hook, repeat this once more with - yarn over, pull up loop (AGAIN like just making a dc), yarn over ad draw through two loops. you will now have 4 loops on your hook. you now yarn over and draw through all four loops and tada!!! CLUSTER STITCH!!!- then continue..... dc in next dc. ch 1, sk next ch 1, dc in next dc, ch 1, sk next ch 1, dc in next dc, ch 1, sk next ch 1, dc in next dc, then you rep from the * i hope that helps, if not maybe try searching for cluster stitch on youtube

How do you do a half dc decrease? Did my own cersion but I know it is not correct.

Make a half dc into the first stitch but stop short of pulling the yarn through the three loops to finish the stitch off, then ignoring these three for the moment, make another half dc into the next stitch and when you come to pull the yarn through the final three loops, pull it through ALL loops on the hook. Hope this helps with your project.

I am making a circle afghan, and there is a stitch that is driving me crazy, its the front post triple cr I know how to do that but its telling me to fptr around fptr 2 rows below. I'm confuss, can you please help me, if not can you tell me where to get help from. Thank you

you actually want to make the front post treble on the row indicated rather then the last row completed for example say you are on your third row, ytou will not work the fptr on row two but rather on row 1 this usually stretches a fptr over smaller stitches such as single crochets

not what I am looking for


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