Learning Basic Stitches in Crochet
From single crochet to the Tunisian stitch, we've got you covered on the basic crochet stitches.
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There are four basic crochet stitches every crocheter needs to know how to do. We start with the slip stitch which comes in handy a lot in crochet. Then single crochet, to half double crochet, to double crochet, and then triple crochet.
Then we'll move on to some of the next basic stitches in crochet: the shell, v-stitch, and the Tunisian stitch. Depending on how you crochet and what your preferences are, some of these stitches may be easier or more difficult. If you're interested in learning in depth about these crochet stitches or following along with projects using specific stitches, we have many crochet video tutorials to help!
Single crochet is the easiest stitch to do in crochet. You can make an entire pattern using single crochet stitches, but there won't be much depth or design to it. Watch the videos that go with each of these stitches to better help you determine which stitches you want to work with the most. Learning basic crochet stitches will allow you to better search for patterns to make and figure out how difficult each would be for you to crochet.
Basic Stitches in Crochet
Abbreviation: sl st
Yarn over, draw the yarn through the chain, loop onto the hook in one movement to make your first slip stitch.
To make a slip stitch in a row, insert hook under the first 2 loops in the next stitch, yarn over, and pull the yarn through the stitch. Loop on the hook in one movement.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the slip stitch here:
The most basic crochet stitch used. Insert your hook into the second stitch in your chain stitch. Yarn over and pull back through the chain stick. You should end up with two loops on your hook. Yarn over again and pull the yarn through both loops. This is a single crochet stitch. The hook is placed through the second stitch only for the first row and in the first in the following.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on single crochet here:
Half Double Crochet:
Yarn over and stick your hook through the third chain stitch (Again, this for the first row only. Stick your hook through the first stitch for subsequent rows). Yarn over (YO) again and pull through. Now with three loops on your hook, YO again and pull through.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on half double crochet here:
Yarn over and stick your hook through the fourth chain stitch. YO and pull through. YO again and pull through the first two loops on your needle. YO again and pull through the last two loops. If you double crochet every stitch, it will be a very tight weave; double crochet every other stitch for a looser weave.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on double crochet here:
Also known as TREBLE crochet. For this stitch, yarn over twice and then stick your hook into the fifth stitch. YO and pull through. YO again and draw it through the first two loops on the hook. Repeat this process two more times until all the loops are off the chain! Again, use tc every other stitch for a looser stitch.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on triple crochet here:
Abbreviation: n/a, usually spelled out as "shell"
This stitch uses double crochets to create a "fan" appearance. Start with a chain. Double crochet in third stitch from hook. Make four more double crochets in the same stitch. Skip three stitches, then make five double crochets in the next stitch. Again, skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch. Do this until the end of the row.
At the end, turn, slip stitch in the first three stitches, then chain two. Make four double crochets in the same stitch. Skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch until the end of the row. At the end, once again, turn, slip stitch in the first three stitches, chain two, then make four double crochets in the same stitch. Then skip three stitches and make five double crochets in the next stitch.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the shell stitch here:
Abbreviation: v st
Yarn over, insert hook in stitch, yarn over, pull through the stitch, yarn over, pull through two loops twice, yarn over, pull through the loop, yarn over, insert the hook into the same stitch, then yarn over, pull through stitch, then yarn over, pull through two loops twice.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the v-stitch here:
Abbreviation: n/a, usually spelled out as "Tunisian"
This stitch is also known as the AFGHAN stitch. Start a chain with as many stitches are needed. For the forward pass, go into the second chain from the hook. Yarn over and pull up a loop. Leaving the newly pulled up loop on your hook, go into the next chain and repeat. Work your way down your chain, picking up stitches and leaving them on your hook.
For the backward pass, yarn over, pull through one loop. Yarn over, pull through two loops and then repeat: yarn over, pull through two loops. After the backward pass, pick up the stitches again. To do this, go through the long bar from the stitch below. Work down the row and be sure to pick up the very last bar to keep your ends neat.
Work the backward pass again, as before. Repeat the forward and backward passes as many times as the pattern calls for.
Work a modified slip stitch: Go down the row as with a forward pass, picking up stitches, but instead of leaving each picked up loop on the hook, pull each hook through both loops, leaving one loop on your hook before you go through the next long bar.
Are you a visual learner? Watch our video tutorial on the Tunisian stitch here:
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