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Crochet Abbreviations

Your Complete Crochet Abbreviation Cheat Sheet

By:

Updated February 02, 2017
(1 Votes)

72 Comments

Crochet Abbreviations

Crochet Abbreviations Guide

Before you can start crocheting, you need to make sure you know the basics. You might know how to complete basic stitches (or not), but you need to learn what the crochet abbreviations are before you make any progress on a crochet pattern... and crochet has a lot of abbreviations. Some abbreviations are quite simple to figure out without a guide, but some might take a bit to remember.

Plus, for all the crochet stitch abbreviations in this guide, we've included step-by-step instructions so that you can work it up yourself. So, before you get started, take a second to look through this handy guide to the most common crochet abbreviations. 

Print or pin our handy abbreviations guide (below), and then keep scrolling for a list of each abbreviation, an explanation or stitch description and some handy step-by-step video tutorials. 

Print It, Pin It!

This handy printable and pinnable abbreviations guide is just what you need to keep those crochet abbreviations straight. 

Crochet Abbreviations Guide

YO or yo (Yarn Over)

1. Bring the yarn over the hook of your crochet hook so that the hook can catch the yarn
2. Draw it through the loop. 
 

CH (Chain Stitch)

1.  Make a slip knot and place it on your hook. Hold your hook in your right hand.
2.  Using your hook, pull yarn (from the skein of yarn, not your tail) through your slip knot loop. You've just made one chain stitch.
3.  Repeat step 2 to make as many chains as your pattern calls for.
 

SC (Single Crochet)

1.  Insert your hook into center of your next working chain. Grab yarn (known as a yarn over) and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have two loops on your hook.
2.  Using your hook, grab yarn and draw it through both loops on your hook, leaving just one loop on your hook. You've made one single crochet stitch.
3.  Repeat steps 1 and 2 as many times as your pattern calls for.
 

HDC (Half Double Crochet)

1.  Yarn over, then insert your crochet hook into the center of your next working chain. Yarn over and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have three loops on your hook.
2.  Yarn over and pull through all three of your loops. You've just made one half double crochet stitch. 
3.  Repeat steps 1-2 as many times as your pattern calls for. 
 

DC (Double Crochet)

1.  Yarn over, then insert your crochet hook into the center of your next working chain. Yarn over and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have three loops on your hook.
2.  Yarn over and pull through two of the loops on your hook, leaving two loops on your hook.
3.  Yarn over again and pull through both loops on your hook, leaving just one loop. You've just made one double crochet stitch. 
4.  Repeat steps 1-3 as many times as your pattern calls for. 
 

TR (Treble or Triple Crochet)

1.  Yarn over twice and then insert your hook into the center of your next working chain. Yarn over and draw up a loop so that you have four loops on your hook. 
2.  Yarn over and pull through two of the loops on your hook, leaving three loops on your crochet hook.
3.  Yarn over again and pull the yarn through two loops, leaving two loops on your hook.
4.  Yarn over for the last time and pull the yarn through both loops on your hook so that you only have one loop. You've just made one triple/treble crochet stitch.
5. Repeat steps 1-4 as many times as your pattern calls for. 
 

Sl St (Slip Stitch)

1. Insert your hook into the center of your next working chain.
2. Yarn over and draw up a loop through all the loops on your hook. You've just completed one slip stitch.
3. Repeat steps 1-2 as many times as your pattern calls for. 
 

Sk (Skip)

To skip a stitch means to leave it completely unworked and move on to the next one.
 

Dec (Decrease)

To work a stitch decrease, you will crochet a certain number of stitches together (according to your pattern), reducing the number of stitches available to work into for the next row.
 

Inc (Increase)

To work a stitch increase, you will crochet a certain number of extra stitches into a single stitch (according to your pattern), increasing the number of stitches available to work into for the next row.
 

Sc2tog (Single Crochet 2 Together)

1.  Insert your hook into center of your next working chain. Grab yarn (known as a yarn over) and draw through the chain stitch and up onto the hook so that you have two loops on your hook.
1.  With those two loops on your hook, repeat step one into the next stitch. You will now have three loops on your hook.
2.  Using your hook, grab yarn and draw it through all three loops on your hook, leaving just one loop on your hook. You've just single crocheted two stitches together. 
 

FPDC (Front Post Double Crochet)

Work just as a normal double crochet stitch, only instead of working into the next chain space, you work around the vertical post, around the front. Insert your hook from the front of your work to the back and then back out to the front, moving from right to left. 

BPDC (Back Post Double Crochet)

Work just as a normal double crochet stitch, only instead of working into the next chain space, you work around the vertical post, around the back. Insert your hook from the back of your work to the front and then back out to the back, moving from right to left. 

BLO (Back Loop Only)

Back loop only stitches, when repeated for a project, can produce a ribbed effect. Instead of inserting your hook until both loops of a chain space, you will insert it only under the back loop. The rest of your crochet stitch remains the same. 
 

What other abbreviations or techniques are you still struggling with? Let us know!

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I recently ran across a pattern here from allfreecrochet that had an abbreviation I have never seen before. I have no idea what Fsc is. I assume the "sc" part is single crochet but what is "Fsc"?

In the Comfy Cozy Headband it says to cl in the next stich, what is cl?

Can you explain the magic circle?

Hi, Here is a link to a free Magic Circle crochet tutorial: http://www.allfreecrochet.com/Tutorials/How-to-Cro == chet-the-Magic-Circle -editors of AllFreeCrochet

what is pm in abbreciatioms for crochet

Does ant the abbreviation sp is? Im trying a new pattern and am new at it!

Im very interested in starting to crochet. Are there any tips or suggestions on where i can begin or learn!! Anything will be helpful. Thanks again :)

What is a "front post double crochet"?

Hi Irkshar, Please check out how to do this technique here: http://www.allfreecrochet.com/Crochet-Videos/How-to-Crochet-Using-Front-Posts-Right-Handed/ct/1

Can you tell me how to do front post double crochet and back post double crochet

Can you tell me how to do the back post double crochet and the front post double crochet.

can you tell me what is the abbreviation sh

what is the abreviation CL mean

I think it means clutch.

OK I give. I've been crocheting for many years and I know there are a great many new stitches and patterns now for crochet but please tell me what TR CL is an abbreviation for.

I am probably answering my own question but what the heck. I am thinking that TR is abbreviation for treble crochet and CL is abbreviation for cluster so TR CL must mean treble cluster correct? someone correct me if I am wrong because I really feel knda dumb now LOL

Attempting to make first dish cloth. What does (RS) mean? What does 1 tr in next sc mean?

(RS)means right side,1tr may mean 1 treble crochet,and sc means single crochet.I'm not really sure about tr though.

can you tell me what *(2dc, [2, 2 dc] twice) means?

Can you tell me what sp means?

Hi remmeg sp is an abbreviation for 'space' Thanks!

Can you tell me what (leg) abbreviation means?

It looks pretty clear. I don't see all of the abbreviations in crochet patterns. What does rc mean?

What does ws mean?

WS means wrong side. You'll work on the wrong side of the pattern.

What does the Yoh abbreviation mean?

YOH means yarn over hook.

what is bpdc?

bpdc is a back post double crochet. I'm new to crocheting and only learned this abbreviation when it was included in a pattern for a hat I'm trying to make. Because I'm a visual learner, I've found youtube videos very useful for learning various stitches. I can pause them and replay them over and over again until I've mastered the technique.

How do I do a dc3tog?

I am making the turkey potholder and there is a term I have not seen before..."ypo". I know the yo is yarn over, but do not know what the 'P" is..help..I have to send them out tomorrow!!! Arada

This was really helpful, but I would like it if it explained how to do these different things. :)

what does fp mear

FP means you work on the front post.

I have a question. How do you make (hdc) half double crochet stitch?

This may help you out http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4E4eQq9IpM

Does anyone know what "xdc2 over first 2 dc"; "xdc3 over 3 dc" means? thanks for any help anyone can provide.

to help you ("xdc2)this is the japanese symbols in it means .(single crochet =x) and then you do your double crochet. So I hope this help's you out.

Does any one know what sp means. as in puff in first ch-1 sp, ch 1 I got every thing but the sp don't know what that means

sp means space...hope that helps :)

I am a beginner and in trying to read a pattern it was very confusing. In one place it had 13 sc - +4. Does this mean four more stitches?

I am making a list to help me understand and picture each term as I learn them. My sketches are crude but I find them helpful for me. I a working on a Mile a Minute afgan and I wish I could find pattern directions somewhere. This pattern uses a fan shape as the focal point. I am happy to have found this website. i am a beginner. Thank you.

I have been crocheting for over 50 years and I ran into an abbreviation that I don't know Pattern reads "ch 1, cr in nxt ch". What is cr? It is in the next several rows of the pattern.

greenthumb1woman Does anyone know what "work a row of scan side edge" means? I appreciate the help. Thank you, greenthumb1woman

I'm new....but I'm thinking that its may just be a typo. put a space between the c and the a....and change the a to an o... and it becomes.... " work a row of sc on side edge ". Does this make sense?

Help PLEASE. I am crocheting a scarf and there is an instruction (sk next ch-1 sp). Could you please explain this to me. Thank you.

@vandraellis 8424218, I'm sorry to hear of your trouble. I have two options for you: 1. You can contact the pattern designer directly for help. The designer is specified in the byline. 2. I might also suggest that you try posting your question to our sites Facebook page. It is monitored by the editor and is a great resource for helpful tips and suggestions from our Facebook friends; perhaps they can offer some guidance! Here is the link: http://www.facebook.com/AllFreeCrochet --editors of AllFreeCrochet

It means to skip the next space that you did a single chain in the last row.

Hi, nchuth 9738691. Here is a link to a video on the AllFreeCrochet YouTube channel that might be able to help you learn to crochet a treble stitch: http://youtu.be/sj2idLdRqgI Hi, 2jdhayes 7372043. PM stands for "place marker." It means that you should place a stitch marker in the specified spot on your crochet work. I hope this helps! --Editors of AllFreeCrochet

What does PM in center mean??

i don't know what PM is. have you had any answers back

I am crocheting a Lace Ruffles scarf and do not know how to make the stitch "tr". Thank you.

@daiquiria, Thank you! I believe it was actually gdthedean 0202176 that was asking. Also, here is a link to a video tutorial on AllFreeCrochet's YouTube channel on how to do this stitch, as well: http://www.youtube.com/allfreecrochet#p/search/0/C_57l3m6h4I --Editors of AllFreeCrochet

@JennyBee FPdc means "Front Post Double Stitch" and here's a link showing how it's done httpwww.youtube.comwatch?v=yIu4HfUpvsY. It looks interesting and not that complicated either. I think I'll try it on one of my projects. Hope this helped!!

here are the instructions in a ripple afgan I am trying to make . work 3 st dec in next 3 chain - here are the instructions I have for a 3 st dec -*yo, insert hook thur next stich, yo & pull loop through stich, yo & pull through 1st 2 loops on hook -Repeat from * twice . yo & pull through remaining 4 loops on hook.. My question is are all these worked in same chain stitch ?

I don't know what Fpdc is and how to do it.

fpdc is front post double crochet, instead of crocheting into the next stitch, you need to crochet into the post that was created below.

@spypanda007 5443957, dtr stands for double treble. Here is a link for a tutorial: http://www.allfreecrochet.com/Crochet-Videos/How-To-Double-Treble-Crochet-Stitch/ --Editor of AllFreeCrochet

I am making the Sweet Pea Shawl and I do not know what this abbreviation is for a shell It says to: (DTR, [ch 2, dtr] 4 times. What does dtr mean? Could you email me the instruction on it please. Thank you

I need a complete lis of crochet abbreviations to complete my items. I am at a lost because I have never seen some of them before and they have put a stop to several projects. Somebody please let me know where I may obtain just a list. Thanks yarn baby

@ krjerr 4317395: Are these the 7 flower patterns you wanted? http://www.allfreecrochet.com/Crochet-Flower-Patterns/7-Free-Crochet-Flower-Patterns Hope this helps! -- Editors of AllFreeCrochet

I can't get the 7 flower patterns to download -I can't find a place that says to download

I can't find what (FC) means......Does it mean front crochet? and if it does how do I do it?

what does 1hr mean, help please.

Can anyone explain in great detail how to dtrfp? I don't understand what the post of the next stitch means. Any diagrams would be most helpful. Thanks

SR could mean split ring for tatting. For those looking for more definitions please check the basics category for information. Thanks!

What is (SR)

While your comments about more explicit directions are accurate, you can search the description and find more detailed instructions and even videos.

The abreviations are good but they do not give instructions on how to implement them.

It would really help for beginner's to also be provided with the defenition of the above abbreviations.

how does one sc2tog?

I need to know how to do sc2tog

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